Austin is the capital of Texas and the county seat of Travis County. Located in the middle of the state, Austin is now the eleventh-most populous city in the United States, and the fourth-largest city in the state of Texas. As of the summer of 2014, Austin had a population just under 913,000, with the population of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area just over 1.94 million.
Settled along the Colorado River by 19th century pioneers, Austin was officially chosen as the capital of the Republic of Texas by Mirabeau B. Lamar in 1839. The city was named after the “Father of Texas,” Stephen F. Austin, the first secretary of state for the Republic of Texas.
Having become a tech hub in the 1980s, Austin is the regional home of numerous large companies, including Apple, Advanced Micro Devices, Cisco, eBay, Google, IBM, Intel, 3M, Texas Instruments, Oracle Corporation and Whole Foods Market. Nearby Round Rock is home to Dell.
As of the 2010 census, Austin is 68% white, 35% Hispanic, 8% African-American and 6% Asian-American. 5% of Austin residents identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender — the third-highest LGBT population in the United States.
Austin has much to offer in the way of culture, including hosting the annual SXSW Film Festival, the Austin City Limits Music Festival, Urban Music Festival, Fun Fun Fun Fest and Old Settler’s Music Festival. Other notable events include the annual O. Henry Pun-Off (hosted by the O. Henry House Museum), Pecan Street Festival, Spamarama, Eeyore’s Birthday Party and Austin Gay Pride.
Austin’s sister cities include Adelaide (Australia), Angers (France), Antalya Kepez (Turkey), Gwangmyeong (South Korea), Hackney (United Kingdom), Koblenz (Germany), Lima (Peru), Maseru (Lesotho), Oita City (Japan), Orlu (Nigeria), Saltillo (Mexico), Taichung (Taiwan) and Xishuangbanna (China).
The Travis County Courthouse is located at 1000 Guadalupe Street in Austin, Texas, 78701.